Shanghai Cooperation Organization: 20 Years Old, High Spirited

(This is the Qingdao Multimodal Transport Center, the China-Shanghai Cooperation Organization Local Economic and Trade Cooperation Demonstration Zone (photographed on June 12, 2019). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Ziheng)

20 years old, high spirited.

Since its birth on the banks of the Huangpu River in Shanghai at the beginning of the 21st century, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization has experienced an extraordinary development history of 20 years-the ability of peace and stability has been continuously enhanced, the momentum of development has continued to emerge, and its influence has continued to increase…

20 years in the same boat to help each other, 20 years forging ahead. SCO member states have comprehensively promoted cooperation in various fields, actively played a constructive role in international and regional affairs, established a model of a new type of international relations featuring mutual respect, fairness, justice, and win-win cooperation, and injected a stable SCO into a turbulent world. power.

Give full play to the wisdom of SCO, gather solidarity and mutual trust, and promote the construction of a new type of international relations

On June 15, 2001, Shangri-La Hotel, Shanghai. The six heads of state of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan signed the “Declaration on the Establishment of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization”, and a comprehensive regional organization with extensive influence in Eurasia was born.

Over the past 20 years, the SCO has upheld the “Shanghai Spirit” of mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality, consultation, respect for diverse civilizations, and seeking common development. It has grown from the original 6 member states to the current 8 member states, 4 observer states, and 6 As a dialogue partner, the development path is widening and the international influence is growing, becoming an important force for promoting regional development and improving global governance.

The “Shanghai Spirit” unites solidarity, cooperation and strong synergy to promote the common development of member states——

“Practice has proved that the’Shanghai Spirit’ has spawned strong cohesion and stimulated a positive willingness to cooperate. It is an important ideological basis and guiding principle for the successful development of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.” In 2016, on the 15th anniversary of the establishment of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, President Xi Jinping The Tashkent summit revealed the source of strength for the development of the SCO.

Over the past 20 years, the member states of the SCO have discussed the development plan of the organization and worked hand in hand to realize the organic integration of the member’s own development and the common development of the region, and embarked on a path of peaceful development and win-win cooperation.

Statistics show that in the past 20 years, the total value of China’s imports and exports to other member states of the SCO has increased from the initial US$17.14 billion to US$244.85 billion, with an average annual growth rate of 15%. In the first quarter of this year, China’s imports and exports to other member states of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization amounted to 457.24 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 19.2%.

“The increasingly close economic and trade exchanges have promoted market prosperity and deepened regional integration. The member states of the SCO are gradually forming a mutually beneficial pattern of you and me,” said Deng Hao, Secretary-General of the China Shanghai Cooperation Organization Research Center.

The “Shanghai Spirit” guides the new path of good-neighborly friendship and cooperation, and leads the development of international relations.

Adhere to non-alignment, non-confrontation, and non-targeting of third parties; promote the development of the international order in a more just and reasonable direction and establish an equal partnership; firmly support the United Nations to play its due role and jointly maintain world peace, stability and security… 20 years ago, Shanghai The Cooperative Organization has become an extremely influential participant in the contemporary international relations system.

Deng Hao said that the SCO goes beyond ideological prejudice, discards the “Cold War” mentality, and actively plays a constructive role in international and regional affairs. It has successfully embarked on a new path of development and cooperation for international organizations, which is an important reality for improving global governance. significance.

The “Shanghai Spirit” burst into new era significance, providing reference for international cooperation to cope with common challenges——

In 2020, the sudden new crown pneumonia epidemic hit many countries and places. SCO member states are not afraid of danger and vigorously strengthen cooperation in the fight against the epidemic. President Xi Jinping put forward the initiative to build a health community, including strengthening joint prevention and control of all countries, setting up hotline contact by the CDCs of member states, continuing to organize traditional medicine forums of the organization, and deepening exchanges and cooperation in areas such as epidemic surveillance, scientific research, and disease prevention. Has joined the “Global New Coronary Pneumonia Vaccine Implementation Plan” and is willing to actively consider the organization’s national vaccine needs…

Ruan Zongze, executive vice president of the China Institute of International Studies, said that in the face of a century-old rare pandemic of infectious diseases, SCO member states have worked together and helped each other, contributing SCO wisdom to safeguarding regional public health security and also contributing to the “Shanghai Spirit”. Infused with new connotations of the times.

Facing the changes in the international situation, the member states of the SCO have persisted in taking the road of multilateralism, solidarity and cooperation, and have provided an important reference for countries around the world to work together to cope with global challenges. SCO Secretary-General Vladimir Norov said that in the past 20 years, the “Shanghai Spirit” has proven its vitality and international appeal.

Practicing the SCO program, expanding pragmatic cooperation, and promoting regional peace, stability, development and prosperity

The Secretariat of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Beijing, June 15, 2017. The SCO has ushered in an important moment worth remembering: the flags of India and Pakistan are rising here, marking the completion of the first expansion of the SCO since its establishment.

Looking back at the beginning of the establishment of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the “three forces” of terrorism, separatism, and extremism seriously threatened regional security and stability. Comprehensively enhancing mutual trust, carrying out mutually beneficial cooperation, and jointly coping with challenges have become the common aspirations of countries in the region, and the SCO came into being.

Over the past 20 years, focusing on pressing issues facing regional development, the SCO has yielded fruitful results from practical cooperation in various fields. Today, the SCO member states account for three-fifths of the area of ​​the Eurasian continent, and the population accounts for nearly half of the world. This huge potential regional organization is increasingly becoming an important constructive force in Eurasian regional and international affairs.

Jointly crack down on the “three forces” and maintain regional security and stability——

From the “Shanghai Convention on Combating Terrorism, Separatism and Extremism” to the “Agreement on Regional Anti-terrorist Institutions of the Member States of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization”, the “Shanghai Cooperation Organization Convention on Anti-Terrorism” and “The Shanghai Cooperation Organization Convention on Anti-Extremism”… The institutionalization and legalization of security cooperation among member states is moving forward steadily.

Holding joint counter-terrorism exercises, cyber-anti-terrorism joint exercises, seminars…The security cooperation content of member states has developed to law enforcement security, information security, drug control, anti-money laundering, and combating transnationalism on the basis of jointly combating terrorism, separatism and extremism. Crime and other fields. So far, the member states have organized more than ten “Peace Mission” joint counter-terrorism exercises, which have played a huge role in maintaining regional peace and stability.

Strengthen coordination and cooperation, and promote political settlement of international and regional hotspot issues——

Such propositions are inspiring: call for the advancement of an inclusive political process of “Syrian-led and Syrian-owned”; call on the participants in the Iran nuclear agreement to abide by their obligations to ensure the complete and effective implementation of the comprehensive agreement; advocate a political and diplomatic solution through dialogue and consultation The Korean Peninsula issue; reiterated that the Ukrainian crisis should be resolved politically on the basis of the full implementation of the New Minsk Agreement on February 12, 2015…

In 2005, the “SCO-Afghanistan Liaison Group” was established to inject SCO power into the peace process in Afghanistan. In 2021, affected by the withdrawal of the United States and NATO troops from Afghanistan, the peace and reconciliation process in Afghanistan will be impacted, and regional security will face new challenges. At the critical juncture, the foreign ministers of China and the five Central Asian countries issued a joint statement on the Afghanistan issue, jointly pointing out the important role played by the SCO in promoting the peace and reconciliation process in Afghanistan.

The SCO does not evade its difficulties and fears them. It always faces the problems directly, and contributes “SCO wisdom” to jointly solve development problems, promote the improvement of global governance, and realize the sharing of development results.

Ruan Zongze said that the SCO has become one of the most influential comprehensive regional organizations in the world, and has made important contributions to properly addressing regional hotspot issues and promoting world peace and stability.

Insist on mutual benefit and win-win, continue to expand cooperation and benefit the people ——

The China-Russia oil pipeline, the China-Central Asia natural gas pipeline, the new Eurasian Continental Bridge, the China-Europe Railway…The new pattern of all-round interconnection paves the way for the expansion of economic cooperation among member states.

Cooperative organization mechanisms such as industrial committees and bank consortiums have emerged one after another. The China-SCO local economic and trade cooperation demonstration zone has developed rapidly, the SCO agricultural technology exchange and training demonstration base was inaugurated, and the SCO National Vocational Skills Invitational Tournament was held in China… …The gold content of economic and trade cooperation continues to increase, the cohesion continues to increase, and multi-field mutually beneficial cooperation benefits the people of member countries.

The SCO Youth Exchange Camp, the Children’s Painting Exhibition of SCO Member States, the SCO National Chess Network Team Tournament… The cultural exchange activities of the member countries are very good, and the people-to-people bond help the SCO to achieve stability and long-term development.

Li Yongquan, president of the China-Russia Institute of Eastern Europe and Central Asia, said that the SCO coexists with multiple civilizations and social systems. Strengthening cooperation and exchanges in the fields of infrastructure, economy, trade, and humanities will help consolidate good-neighborly friendship for generations.

Contribute to the concept of SCO, show responsibility, and promote the construction of a community with a shared future for SCO

This is an international organization founded by China, named after a Chinese city, and whose secretariat is located in China. As one of the founding member states, China has always regarded promoting the development of the SCO as one of its diplomatic priorities.

In the past 8 years, President Xi Jinping has attended all SCO summits and delivered important speeches, charting the way forward for the development of the SCO and injecting strong impetus into building a closer SCO community with a shared future and a community with a shared future for mankind.

Uphold the new security concept, and jointly create a safe and stable regional environment——

“Maintain security and stability and build a security community” “Follow a common, comprehensive, cooperative, and sustainable security concept, effectively respond to various threats and challenges, and create a good regional security environment.” “Abandon the Cold War mentality, group confrontation, and oppose sacrifices National security in exchange for its own absolute security”…

Li Yongquan said that the SCO has advocated and practiced a new security concept and has achieved fruitful results in the field of security cooperation, creating a good environment for cooperation and win-win among countries in the region, and providing a model and model for building a community with a shared future for mankind.

Adhere to the new concept of cooperation and join hands to build an economic foundation for common development——

In the summer of 2018, President Xi Jinping issued an important appeal at the SCO Qingdao Summit: “We must uphold the concept of openness, integration, mutual benefit, and win-win cooperation, reject the narrow policy of selfishness, short-sightedness and closure, and uphold the rules of the World Trade Organization. Support the multilateral trading system and build an open world economy.”

The series of cooperation consensus reached at the Qingdao Summit has been transformed into tangible actions. The China-SCO Local Economic and Trade Cooperation Demonstration Zone has been operating steadily and has become an important link connecting SCO member states with Japan, South Korea and other countries in economic and trade ties.

Under the “Belt and Road” framework, the SCO’s pragmatic cooperation has improved and upgraded, and the interest ties between member states and observer states have become increasingly close. The “Qilu” Eurasian Express Train uses Qingdao as its cargo source to consolidate its borders, covering more than 30 cities in the 5 member states and 3 observer countries of the SCO. The transportation time is reduced by 10% to that of conventional trains. 15%, save transportation cost by 7% to 10%.

“The SCO and the’Belt and Road’ initiative are opportunities for and support each other. Under the framework of the’Belt and Road’, the SCO member states have a higher level of economic cooperation and a higher degree of compatibility of interests, and they are developing in the direction of a community of interests. “Ruan Zongze said.

Adhering to the concept of new civilization and tightening the humanistic bond of people-to-people bonds——

At the beginning of June 2021, the SCO Civil Friendship Forum was held in an online and offline manner. With the theme of “Promoting People-to-People Friendship and Inheriting the’Shanghai Spirit'”, Chinese and foreign representatives participated in heated discussions and exchanges.

Establish a civilizational view of equality, mutual learning, dialogue, and tolerance, respect each other’s independent choices, and enable different civilizations to learn from each other’s strengths and develop harmoniously while seeking common ground while reserving differences… The vast area covered by the member states of the SCO is the most complex geo-cultural component in the world today In one of the regions, how various civilizations live in harmony, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization gives the answer.

“The way of coexistence between different civilizations advocated by the SCO is in line with the concept of a community with a shared future for mankind proposed by President Xi Jinping.” said Sergey Lujanin, a professor at the Russian Higher University of Economics.


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